Aspects of Religion in the Thirty Years War and Peace of Westphalia Relevant to Pakistan National War College

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Published: February 17th 2014

Kindle Edition

27 pages


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Aspects of Religion in the Thirty Years War and Peace of Westphalia Relevant to Pakistan  by  National War College

Aspects of Religion in the Thirty Years War and Peace of Westphalia Relevant to Pakistan by National War College
February 17th 2014 | Kindle Edition | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, talking book, mp3, ZIP | 27 pages | ISBN: | 9.33 Mb

In the world shaped by the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, the Thirty Years’ War seems far from the public consciousness. Nevertheless, this war which is difficult to understand offers, in fact, a useful analogy to the politics of religion inMoreIn the world shaped by the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, the Thirty Years’ War seems far from the public consciousness. Nevertheless, this war which is difficult to understand offers, in fact, a useful analogy to the politics of religion in the current international security environment.

This paper first will address consequences of the Thirty Years’ War on religion in context of the international order emerging from the 1648 Peace of Westphalia. It will then explore how these aspects of religion and the politics of the Westphalian system of states are both relevant to Pakistan and a source of instability in the region.Today in the western world, sovereignty is accepted a dominant principle regulating relations between states.

It was not always so. The Peace of Westphalia established the conditions for an inverse relationship between sovereignty and religion: as the sovereignty of states became dominant, religion receded in importance in international politics. Consequently, the international environment was no longer subject to the passions that religious militancy had inspired. For the three hundred and sixty two years since the Peace of Westphalia the primacy of state sovereignty has been a stabilizing influence in international order in the West.

Among states in the Islamic world that gained independence in the twentieth century, however, the idea of religion as an instrument of international politics is reminiscent of pre-Westphalian Europe. Pakistan best illustrates how a state that has attempted to construct a direct rather than inverse relationship between sovereignty and religion, has created conditions that have destabilized the region, inviting comparisons to Europe in the early seventeenth century.



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